New 2010 CPR Guidelines for the Layperson / Bystander
1. Determine if the person is unconscious. If so, have someone call 9-1-1, or do so yourself.
2. Roll the unconscious person onto their back.
3. Place the heel of your hand on the center of the victim’s chest and put your other hand on top (use only one hand for children and 2 only fingers for babies) interlock your fingers. Begin chest compressions.
4. Press hard and fast. Try to compress the chest down at least 2 inches. The rate (how fast) should be 100 beats (compressions) per minute. Give 30 compressions.
5. If you are trained in CPR, after giving 30 compressions, open the airway using the head tilt / chin lift method.
6. Pinch closed the nose of the adult or child victim (cover the nose and mouth of an infant). Create an airtight seal over the victim’s mouth with your mouth and give 2 slow breaths (each lasting about 1 second). Watch for the chest to rise.
7. Continue giving 30 compressions and 2 breaths until help arrives.